What Are The Causes Of Back Pain

Whenever we have a pain in the back, we try to get it checked from a back pain doctor. But if we try we can understand the reasons of back pain. Below are the most common reasons why you have pain in your back.

Spine Problems

This is the first category when of back pain reason. Here in this category, there are further reasons. However, spine is a major reason why some people have back pain issues.

Slipped Discs

When the doctor mentions this sort of reason that means the soft tissues in the discs between the joints are displaced. The most common reason of this is wear and tear. It leads to lower back or hip pain. You should be careful about this because it can lead to further problems.

Bulging Discs

It is another reason which occurs due to spine issues. This kind of problem causes pain in the back and people may have variations in the level of pain. However, this is not very serious. You should get help from the spine and back doctors.

Degenerative Discs Issues

Degenerative discs issue has been noticed in most of the old people. As you age, the shock absorbents between the spine vertebrate tear. It leads to bones rubbing together. Old people should take this reason serious and visit the back pain doctor who can help them get rid of this pain.

Inflammation

It occurs where the spine and pelvis come together. This type of back pain can be in any person. There are no age or situation restrictions. Initially, you will notice swelling that can occur due to an injury. It will further lead to back pain issues.

Spinal Stenosis

This issue has been found in people older than 60. It occurs when the spinal canal narrows. This leads to putting pressure on the spine and nerves. Due to this issue, you will feel like your legs and shoulders are numb.

Accidents and Injuries

Accidents are also a reason why some people develop back pain issues. When they visit the spine doctors, doctors inform them it is because of injury and they might need disc replacement surgery in severe cases. However, there can be various types of back pains on the basis of injuries or accidents.

Spine Fractures

The spine might be fractured due to a fall, hit, accident or severe injury. It occurs in people whose bones are weak. The spine fracture is the most serious form of injuries which can lead to deaths. It should be dealt with carefully.

Sprain and Strains

In this type of injury, the damage is done to the muscles and tendons that support the spine. The joints will have then the back pain issues. Experts say it happens when you lift something and twist at the same time. Sports injuries and car accidents can also cause this.

Lifestyle Triggers

So far we have talked about the technical reasons which are quite specific. Apart from these, many are the general reasons associated with the lifestyle of a person. Slouching on the desk, carrying heavy objects or weights, being overweight, smoking, not exercising and wearing high heels are the most common factors which cause back pain.

Other Reasons of Back Pain

Medical scientists believe there are some other reasons too which cause back pain issues.

  • Joint issues which lead to swelling and stiffness also create back pain.
  • When the bones break down at middle age, it results in back pain.
  • It also happens during pregnancy when women are expecting but the weight strains their back.
  • Kidney stones, cancer and tumors are the other common reasons of back pain.

Risk Factors of Back Pain

These are the factors that contribute in back pain. Reducing them is the best thing you can do for reducing or preventing back pain.

  1. The first factor is age. It is common observation that the older we get the more we are prone to back issue, which is factual.
  2. Lack of exercise means weak or unused muscles which can cause back pain.
  3. If you are overweight, you are also at higher risk of developing back pain.
  4. Some diseases like cancer, arthritis and osteoporosis can also lead to back pain.
  5. Improper weight lifting can damage your back.
  6. Smoking reduces blood flow to spine which can cause back pain.

If you are experiencing back pain, you should visit spine and back doctors Woodbridge as soon as possible for immediate treatment.

What is lumbar fusion surgery and disc replacement surgery?

The disc replacement surgery is intended to remove the severe back pain experienced by patients and to make normal motion possible for such patients.  In this surgical procedure the damaged disk portions are removed by spine and back doctors and an artificial or synthetic prosthesis is replanted there.

Know about lumbar fusion surgery and disc replacement surgery

It is estimated that about 70 to 80 % of the people suffer from back pain during their life time. But in most cases conservative treatment can change the condition and give relief to the patient. Surgical procedures will be considered by the specialist only when other traditional methods are not yielding any appreciable relief to the patient.

For such patients the lumbar fusion surgery is considered as the most suitable and effective method for controlling the back pain. This process can be considered as something similar to a welding process. The idea behind the process is to fuse together the vertebrae so that they become a single and solid bone. Many people have been well benefitted by lumbar fusion surgeries. But the result can vary and there are some cases where the patients have not got any benefits even after undergoing the painful, time consuming and costly surgery. Disk replacement surgery is the best option for such patients

Disk replacement surgery

The FDA has approved the disk replacement surgery in the year 2004 itself. Form then onwards numerous disk replacement surgeries have been conducted and benefits have been derived. Newer methods and technologies are being invented year after year. More improvements are taking place in the procedure of disk replacing surgeries and many new tools are also being invented to make the procedure more easy.

Are you a candidate for disc replacement?

To determine whether a patient is a suitable candidate for a disk fusion surgery, the surgeon may ask to undergo any or all of the below mentioned tests.

  • Discography
  • MRI scans
  • Computerized tomography
  • X-rays

The information received through these diagnostic tests will be enough for the surgeon to determine the source of the back pain experienced by the patient.

The research and studies conducted in this field has made it clear that disc replacement is not suitable for certain kind of patients. Such cases are discussed below.

  • For patients in whom the back pain was caused as a result of problematic intervertebral disks situated in the lumbar region
  • For patients who do not show facet joint disease or spinal nerve bony compression.
  • Person who are excessively obese
  • For patients who have already undergone serious surgeries in the lumbar region
  • For patients who have deformity of spine known as scoliosis

Surgical procedure

The procedure is  normally completed within 2-3 hours. An incision will be made in the abdomen by the surgeon and he will approach the lower back of the patient. In this approach the blood vessels and the organs have to be removed to the side. This approach allows the surgeon to access spine without any need to remove the nerves. A vascular surgeon usually helps the orthopedic surgeon in opening the disk space and in exposing it. During this process the problematic disc is removed and the prosthesis disk is implanted by him.

Recovery

The patient will be required to stay in the hospital for 1-3 days following the surgery. The length of the stay is dependent upon how well his pain is controlled and how fast your normal functions are returned. The patients will be requested to stand up and walk on the first day itself.
As healing is not required in artificial disk replacement, the patients are asked to start moving as soon as possible. Basic exercises like walking, stretching etc will be encouraged during the first few weeks. During this recovery period the patient will be asked by the doctors for back pain orthopedic not to engage in any provoking activities.